Biofilm 生物膜

Biofilm is a film of “slime” that promotes bacteria sticking onto its surface and sticking to each other. Biofilm contains proteins, lipids (fats) and carbohydrates that can essentially feed the bacteria that lives within the film. Biofilm provides protection to bacteria and other organisms including virus and fungus. Drug penetration becomes extremely difficult, taking up… Read More

Canine Cognitive Dysfunction/ Dementia (Part 1) – 老狗癡呆症 I

Canine (or Feline) Dementia is becoming more recognized. With average of small dogs now easily pushing 14 to 16 years old; large dogs pushing 13 to 15 years old – their brain function may not be able to catch up to their own aging! Canine (or Feline) Dementia is known as Canine Cognitive Disorder (CCD).… Read More

Antibiotic Resistance (抗生素耐藥性)

Antibiotics are wonderful stuff. Too  much of a good thing – ends up turning into a nightmare. In the 21st Century (that means Year 2000 to 2100…) antibiotic resistance has become the new official worldwide nightmare. Here in Hong Kong – we at the clinic have been battling with clarifying these two terms to pet… Read More